The word renaissance means a rebirth of intellectual and artistic
achievement and vigor and the revival of the human spirit as it was in
the classical times of Greece and Rome. It is commonly used to refer to
the transitional movement in Europe between medieval and modern times.
The Renaissance period began in the 14th century in Italy, and spread
throughout Europe, lasting into the 17th century. The Renaissance period
is marked by a humanistic revival of classical influence expressed in a
flowering of the arts, architecture and literature and by the beginnings
of modern science.